The LLM in International Human Rights Law is believed to be the oldest such LLM in the world. It was established in 1983 and has run continuously every year since then, bringing together experienced and very well qualified students from all over the world. Its teaching staff represents a unique concentration of expertise in breadth and in depth, combining academic excellence with high-level international practice in the United Nations, regional systems and before international courts and tribunals, as well as in international non-governmental organizations.
Modules and Options
The lists of modules below represent the range of options available for each year of study. This may not be a complete list of the options you will study, and may be subject to change, so please contact the department for further details.
BROADCASTING, TELECOMMUNICATIONS AND REGULATION
BUSINESS AND HUMAN RIGHTS
Compulsory: FOUNDATION ESSAY: LLM INTERNATIONAL HUMAN RIGHTS LAW
Compulsory: INTERNATIONAL HUMAN RIGHTS LAW: GENERAL SEMINAR
Compulsory: RESEARCH ESSAY: LLM INTERNATIONAL HUMAN RIGHTS LAW
Core: DISSERTATION: LLM INTERNATIONAL HUMAN RIGHTS LAW
EC BROADCASTING LAW AND POLICY
ECONOMIC, SOCIAL AND CULTURAL RIGHTS
EQUALITY LAW, HUMAN RIGHTS AND HEALTH CARE
EUROPEAN BROADCASTING LAW AND POLICY
EUROPEAN COMMUNITY EMPLOYMENT LAW
EUROPEAN COMMUNITY EXTERNAL RELATIONS
EUROPEAN COMPETITION LAW
EUROPEAN CONVENTION OF HUMAN RIGHTS I
EUROPEAN ENVIRONMENTAL LAW
EUROPEAN UNION LAW AND HUMAN RIGHTS
FREE MOVEMENT OF GOODS AND SERVICES IN THE INTERNAL MARKET
FREEDOM OF EXPRESSION, PRIVACY AND THE MEDIA
HEALTH AND HUMAN RIGHTS
HEALTH CARE ETHICS
HUMAN RIGHTS ACROSS NATIONS AND CULTURES
HUMAN RIGHTS AND DEVELOPMENT
HUMAN RIGHTS FOR WOMEN
HUMAN RIGHTS IN PHILOSOPHY AND LAW
HUMAN RIGHTS IN THE NEW EUROPE
INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY AND COMPETITION LAW
INTELLECTUAL PROPERTY LAW IN THE ELECTRONIC ENVIRONMENT
INTELLECTURAL PROPERTY AND THE ENTERTAINMENT INDUSTRIES
INTERNATIONAL CHILD LAW
INTERNATIONAL COMMERCIAL DISPUTE RESOLUTION 1
INTERNATIONAL COMMERCIAL DISPUTE RESOLUTION II
INTERNATIONAL CRIMINAL LAW
INTERNATIONAL FINANCIAL AND MONETARY REGULATION
INTERNATIONAL LAW OF CREDIT AND SECURITY
INTERNATIONAL TAX LAW
INTERNATIONAL TRADE AND HUMAN RIGHTS
INTRODUCTION TO THE LAW OF ARMED CONFLICTS
ISSUES AT THE END OF LIFE
ISSUES IN REPRODUCTIVE HEALTH
LAW AND CULTURAL PROPERTY
LAW OF INTERNATIONAL PEACEKEEPING
LEGAL ASPECTS OF ELECTRONIC COMMERCIAL TRANSACTIONS
PHILOSOPHY, POLITICAL THEORY AND THE EUROPEAN UNION
PROMOTION AND PROTECTION OF HUMAN RIGHTS IN AFRICA
PROTECTION MINORITIES IN INTERNATIONAL LAW
PUBLIC INTERNATIONAL TRADE LAW
RESEARCH METHODS IN PUBLIC LAW
TELECOMMUNICATIONS AND COMPETITION
THE ECONOMICS OF THE EUROPEAN UNION
THE ENLARGEMENT OF THE EUROPEAN UNION
THE INTER-AMERICAN SYSTEM OF HUMAN RIGHTS
THE PROTECTION OF REFUGEES AND DISPLACED PERSONS IN INTERNATIONAL LAW
THEORY AND PRACTICE OF HEALTH AND HUMAN RIGHTS
TOPICS IN THE LAW OF ARMED CONFLICT
TRADING IN DIGITAL GOODS AND SERVICES
Teaching and Assessment Methods
A: Knowledge and Understanding
A1 : The fundamental doctrines and principles of international law as they pertain to the protection and promotion of human rights.
A2 : The geopolitical, economic and social framework in which international human rights law operates.
A3 : The means and methods of implementing, enforcing and upholding international human rights law.
A4 : How international human rights law is applied in various judicial, governmental and field situations.
A5 : Some areas of international human rights law in depth.
A1 - A5 are acquired through large group interactive classes, which encourage dialogue between the students and teacher and between the students inter se, and through seminars which allow for dynamic interaction based on directed, pre-set reading. Students are expected undertake independent research for courses and, in particular, the research essay and dissertation. A1 - A4 are reinforced by the formatively assessed Foundation Essay.
Testing the knowledge-base for A1 - A5 is through unseen examinations, take home examinations, course essays, the research essay and the dissertation.
B: Intellectual/Cognitive Skills
B1 : Identify accurately the issue(s) which require researching;
B2 : Apply relevant primary and secondary legal sources.
B3 : Reason critically, identify, analyse, and solve complex problems, even in the absence of complete data.
B4 : Recognise, rank and collate items and issues in terms of relevance and importance.
B5 : Produce a comprehensive, coherent and sophisticated synthesis of relevant doctrinal and policy issues in relation to a topic.
B6 : Critically evaluate the merits of particular arguments and advanced scholarship in the field.
B7 : Present and make a reasoned choice between alternative solutions or methodologies and, where necessary, propose new hypotheses.
B8 : Deal with complex issues both systematically and creatively, make sound judgements in the absence of complete data, and communicate their conclusions clearly.
B9 : Demonstrate and exercise originality of thought in the application of knowledge.
Skills B1 - B9 are obtained and developed through seminars and large group interactive classes where there is an emphasis on group discussion and analysis of case material and problems (hypothetical and actual). All skills are complemented by independent research for the Foundation Essay, the Research Essay and the Dissertation. In addition, learning is enhanced by formative assessment of Skills B1, B3. B7 and B9 in seminars and large group interactive classes.
Skills B2 - B9 will be assessed through unseen examinations, and B1 - B9 through take home examinations, course essays, the research essay and the dissertation.
C: Practical Skills
C1 : Identify, select and retrieve up-to-date legal information, using both paper and electronic sources.
C2 : Identify, select and retrieve non-legal information pertinent to issues of international human rights law, using both paper and electronic sources.
C3 : Use and apply legal terminology and legal concepts, not only in legal settings, but to applied problems, actual or hypothetical.
C4 : Plan and undertake tasks in and beyond complex areas of law that have already been studied, and autonomously undertake independent research in areas of law not previously studied.
Skills C1 and C2 are developed through preparation for seminars and the large group interactive classes, and through research for the Foundation Essay, Research Essay and Dissertation. In addition to traditional research methods, students are expected to use the internet and LEXIS when researching their assessed work in order to find primary and secondary sources, either in on-line or paper format. Skills C3 and C4 are developed through seminars by way of the medium of problem solving and group discussion. Skill C4 is particularly developed through the Foundation Essay, Research Essay and Dissertation.
Skills C1 - C4 are formatively assessed in tutorials, large group interactive classes, and the Foundation Essay, which assessment reinforces their learning by students.
Skills C1 - C4 are assessed through summative take home exams, course essays, the Research Essay and the Dissertation. Skill C3 is also obtained through unseen examinations.
D: Key Skills
D1 : A student should be able to: (D1A) Work with the English language proficiently in relation to matters of international human rights law; (D1B) Present knowledge or an argument in a clear, coherent and relevant manner; (D1C) Analyse materials pertaining to international human rights law that are complex and technical.
D2 : A student should be able to: (D2A) Produce a word-processed essay and other text in an appropriate form; (D2B) Use the worldwide web, e-mail, and also some electronic information retrieval systems.
D3 : A student should be able to: (D3) Where relevant and as the basis for an argument, use, present and evaluate information provided in numerical or statistical form.
D4 : A student should be able to: (D4A) Analyse a complex set of facts, where necessary in unpredictable situations, and apply relevant international human rights law thereto. (D4B) From first principles, devise from existing international human rights law a means by which to extend protection in a sphere where there has been none previously.
D6 : A student should be able: (D6A) To reflect on his or her own learning, and to seek and make use of feedback. (D6B) To appreciate when s/he does not know enough and needs to undertake further research.
Skills D1, D3 and D4 are acquired through seminars where students debate legal issues and problems, as well as the Foundation Essay, the Research Essay and the Dissertation.
Skill D3 will be acquired in particular in LW906 (Economic, Social and Cultural Rights), LW907 (The Protection of Refugees and Displaced Persons in International Law), LW912 (ECHR II), LW914 (The Protection of Minorities in International Law), LW915 (Human Rights and Development) and LW 917 (International Trade and Human Rights).
Skills D2B, D4B and D6 will be gained in particular through the Research Essay and the Dissertation.
Skills D1 - D4 and D6 will be learnt through writing summatively assessed and formative course essays and take home exams, the Foundation Essay and the Research Essay, and through the consequent feedback, both written and that obtained in oral sessions.
Skills D1 - D4 and D6 are summatively assessed through course essays and take home exams, the Research Essay and the Dissertation.
Skills D1 and D4A are also assessed through unseen examinations.