-Graduate Certificate: complete two full modules (worth 30 credits each), to a total of 60 credits.
-Graduate Diploma: complete two full modules, plus an independent -geographical study (worth 60 credits), to a total of 120 credits.
-Globalisation in the Contemporary World: this module provides a wide-ranging understanding of academic theories around the concept of globalisation. It examines the nature of globalisation in relation to the emergence of a global economy, as well as questions concerning global culture, politics, and environmental issues. It moves on to consider topics such as the development of global cities, global financial integration, global political structures, and the development of transnational communities and social movements. In particular, it looks at new forms of resistance to contemporary globalisation in the form of the actions and ideas of the anti- or alter- globalisation movement.
-Environment and Development in the Global South: ranging from ecotourism to the ‘greening’ of the World Bank and global corporations, this module explores in detail a range of debates about the relationship between environment and development in the Global South. The course will intersect with areas of key geographical interest, including: material and discursive power and resistance, postcolonialism, social movements, inequality, and spatial and social patterns of change. The module will analyse different theoretical models for understanding changing environmental conditions and discourses in the context of (mostly) capitalist world development. Studies in Orientalism, modernisation theories, neo-Malthusianism, sustainable development, political ecology, neopopulism, ecofeminism and ecological modernization will form a context for analyses of changing conservation agendas, religion and ecology, global environmental politics and transnational environmental movements in the Global South.
-Issues in Development Economics: from the World Bank and the IMF, to the modern emergencies of debt, famine and conflict, this module equips you with theoretical knowledge backed up by knowledge of specific countries' experiences. It aims to empower you to take informed positions on issues ranging from alternative development and industrialisation strategies, to the changing patterns of international capital flows and its consequent crises of debt and instability. To achieve this, the course introduces you to the major theoretical paradigms on growth and development. It then introduces policy issues and experience relating to agriculture, trade, industrialisation, and international financial flows.